Feminist Manifest at the XXIX National Meeting of Women, Salta, Argentina

Feminist Manifest at the XXIX National Meeting of Women, Salta, Argentina

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By Abya Yala Feminists in Revolution

Our bodies of indigenous women, of African women enslaved in these lands, of poor women, of working women, keep the collective experience of pain, but also keep the treasure of our shared resistance. Violence has been and continues to be a structural part of the colonization and recolonization processes that continue in the present. Violence against women and against sexual dissidents is an organizing mechanism of the heteropatriarchy. It is functional to the "normalization" and "naturalization" of the hegemony imposed by the historical owners of power: white men, proprietors, warriors, heterosexuals, conquerors, who believe they are masters and lords of our lives. Today we continue to be dominated, expelled of our territories - due to the dispossession caused by the extractivist policies of transnational corporations and the governments of the day. The Qom women in Formosa and Chaco, the Wichi, Diaguitas, Ava Guaraníes, Coyas, in the North of Argentina and the Litoral, the Mapuche women in Argentine and Chilean Patagonia, the Guaraní in Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay, the Quechuas and Aymara in Bolivia, the Tzotziles, Choles, Tojolabales, Tzeltales in southeastern Mexico, the Xincas, Ixiles, and the Mayan peoples in Guatemala, the Garífunas and Lencas in Honduras, the Amazonian women in Ecuador and Peru, the indigenous women who in all On the continent we survived the genocides, we continue to suffer repression, eviction from our ancestral lands, death from curable diseases, mistreatment, neglect, clearing, fumigations. From the province of Salta, Argentina, we express our solidarity with the Ixil women of Guatemala, who have shown dignity and courage in the trial of dictator Ríos Montt, and with our comrade Rigoberta Menchú, who these days is giving testimony before the courts, denouncing those who have killed his family and his people. We embrace Mexican women, outraged at this succession of femicides and crimes by the narco-state, which has now carried out a new massacre against normalista students from Guerrero. On this October 12, when the Bolivian people try in the elections to guarantee the continuity of the social transformation process, we salute the cultural and political resistance of women who seek to deepen their anti-colonial, anti-patriarchal and anti-capitalist course. Indigenous women from Bolivia, Guatemala, Honduras, Peru, Mexico, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Argentina, and from all the Abya Yala peoples, join our historical experience with the current confrontation with the policies of large corporations.

On this October 12 we say: No to the new forms of colonialism! No to Transnational Corporations! No to the little mirrors of "development", of "progress", of "civilization"! No to Chevron! No to Monsanto! No to Barrick Gold! No to the Alumbrera! No to mega dams! No to the governments that open their doors! For a policy at the service of the people and not of transnational corporations!


In these days in Argentina the text of the new Civil and Commercial Code has been approved. Beyond some aspects in which it advances in rights (such as the concept of procreation will, the coexistence regime, the recognition of coexistence unions, the facilitation of divorce procedures, among others), it is as a whole a regressive Code , which makes numerous concessions to the Catholic Church, transnational corporations, employers' associations, large landowners and officials of the governments of the day. It is the result -fundamentally- of the negotiation of the rights of women and peoples, with the Vatican and other sectors of power. The most critical aspects are: _ Establishes the conception as the beginning of existence. This definition is a concession to the hierarchy of the Catholic Church, and to those who oppose the legalization of abortion. Originally reference was made to the beginning of existence from the location of the embryo in the womb, and it was established that in In the case of assisted fertilization, the existence of the person begins from the implantation of the embryo. By excluding this reference, it is intended that the embryo itself is already human life, going back with respect to the law on assisted fertilization approved by the Chamber of Deputies._ Another example of the misogyny of the State and its laws is the regulation of "duty morality of fidelity ”in marriage, which is outlined in article 431._ Eliminates the principle of“ social function ”of land ownership, favoring large private owners. This hinders access to land and housing, as well as the regularization of the ways of living and inhabiting of the popular sectors in the city and in the countryside._ Removes the clause on access to drinking water as a fundamental human right. The human right to water implies that States must guarantee quality, availability and access in their public policies, and implies protecting citizens from competition with other sectors (mega-mining, monocultures, fracking, among others), favoring domestic consumption. Its non-inclusion, at the last minute, has been a concession to transnational corporations that are appropriating water, considering it a productive resource and not a common good._ The Catholic Church is considered as the only confessional faith that is given the status of "Person of public law". This legitimizes the message that their conceptions and actions have a public interest that prevails over other belief systems. It is established that the Catholic Church is completely autonomous and should not adjust its organization and operation to any state regulation. This regulation, adopted by a military dictatorship, consolidates the privileges of the Catholic Church vis-à-vis what should be a secular State._ The community rights of native peoples are not considered, both in the management referred to common goods and in the rights of collective advocacy, also demanding that the communities have legal status. _ Public officials and the State are de-responsible for damage caused to third parties _ Validates labor flexibility and the loss of rights of workers, by consolidating the principle of autonomy of the will, assuming that the parties to a contract freely discuss from a position of equality, facilitating fraud operations with the permission to create companies under the figure of a "sole proprietorship limited liability company" and, in general , limiting the responsibility of employers before labor demands.

The vote of the Kirchner deputies who call themselves feminists, for a Civil Code in which our rights are at stake - and lost - in patriarchal negotiations, compromises their coherence and their responsibility towards the women's movement that has given them strength and power. We demand that they comply with the commitment to promptly debate the Law for a Safe and Free Legal Abortion. We demand that not only be put into discussion, but that it be approved.


The realization of the trials against the genocidaires throughout the country, put in the debate of the society the sexual violence committed in the Clandestine Detention Centers against the majority of the women (also of transvestites, lesbians, trans) who went through them , as part of a brutal exercise of occupation of our bodies and of violation of our physical, mental and spiritual integrity. The courage of the comrades who have given testimony, and the progress made in some convictions - which have characterized these forms of torture as crimes against humanity - help us to reveal this sinister part of history. While we recognize the courage of the witnesses who continue with their painful testimony supporting the fight against impunity, we demand that the State open the archives once and for all, in order to advance in the judicial proceedings. We demand that you guarantee the life and safety of witnesses. We also demand that the Catholic Church, the Vatican, the Argentine Episcopal Conference open their archives, and report on the complaints received in the years of dictatorship, on the knowledge they have had of their crimes, due to their own complicities, and in particular on the fate of the appropriate boys and girls. The Never Again that Argentine society builds on a daily basis, the struggle of Mothers and Grandmothers, of CHILDREN and relatives, requires that at once, there is Truth and Justice. Violence against women is part of a patriarchal capitalist system, which has us as spoils of war in its conflicts of power. In these years, different responses have been found to confront it, from the State and also from women's organizations. We see progress in some legal provisions that protect us. But there is a great distance between what is legislated and concrete practices. Many of the complaints made are diluted in the labyrinths of the state bureaucracy. We demand that the institutional mechanisms to contain women victims of violence be strengthened. We demand care, and also justice for all women who suffer sexist and heteropatriarchal violence. We women have begun to organize our resistance collectively. We have generated mechanisms to make violence visible, to show their relationships, leaving the field of individual suffering towards the possibility of a social response. We welcome the attempts of autonomous organizations, of care and defense of our lives. We value feminist self-defense exercises. We will continue to strengthen existing networks, such as the Campaign against Violence against women. We reject patriarchal violence in all its manifestations. We refuse to allow our bodies to be harassed, attacked, raped, sterilized, sexually exploited, treated, discriminated against, forced into maternity or non-maternity, according to current “population” policies. We refuse that our bodies are spoils of war in dictatorships, in wars. We refuse to be trafficked for the “comfort” and amusement of the workers exploited by the mega-projects. We refuse to let our bodies continue to be the target of femicides. We refuse that the militarization of social processes in countries such as Haiti, Mexico, Honduras, Paraguay, Colombia (through invasions, coups, narco-states), "naturalize" the most tremendous violence against women.

No more dead women at the bonfires of the patriarchal capitalist inquisition! We are the granddaughters of the witches who failed to erase, from our collective memory! We are standing, for them and for us!


Networks of prostitution and sexual exploitation are among the main groups of violence against women and transvestites, adolescents, girls and boys. They are groups linked to power, which accumulate super-profits from the commercialization of our bodies and the devastation of our subjectivities. They are strongly linked to networks of trafficking, human and organ trafficking, and organized crime. These are millionaire businesses that support and finance governments, are linked to arms and drug trafficking, and have proven links with the State, from the political power, the judiciary, and the repressive forces. We understand that these networks must be decisively confronted, both at the local level, and from an action that goes beyond the framework of national borders, as an urgent matter at the regional and continental level.

The ways of doing this, at the same time, cannot compromise our sovereignty (such as through the agreements that authorize the US to be part of the control mechanisms of our borders).

We draw attention, especially, to the numerous cases reported in the province of Salta, and in the Argentine Northwest, in which there are open complicities between prostitution networks, trafficking networks, and different levels of local government. We reaffirm our commitment in the fight against the prostitution system, against all forms of sexual exploitation, against trafficking networks, against pimping states, because they are the most radical expression of gender violence, and of the imperialist colonization of our bodies. and territories. It is not about criminalizing people in prostitution, but about guaranteeing their right to work, housing, education and health, and the set of basic rights.

It is necessary to dismantle prostitution networks, trafficking networks, and all forms of sexual violence against women, transvestites, adolescents and girls!


Women suffer especially from job insecurity and the loss of social rights, which is added to the unpaid domestic work day. The links between colonialism, patriarchy and capitalism are evident, in the new modes of accumulation and reproduction of capital, by way of dispossession, or the overexploitation of women's workforce. The invisibility of care tasks, resulting from the sexual division of labor, naturalizes the double exploitation of our workforce, both in the field of paid and unpaid tasks. At the same time, also as a consequence of the sexual division of labor, the migration of women to domestic work is increasing, whose “earnings” are transferred as remittances to the countries of origin. As feminists of Abya Yala, we denounce all forms of patriarchal and colonial capitalist oppression. From the work cooperatives, from the precarious jobs that have multiplied, from the work centers where we organize ourselves, from our homes (where we produce and reproduce life), we raise our voices to say that care work should be recognized , that we reject labor flexibility that affects women in a special way and aggravates the feminization of poverty. We demand equal pay for equal work, childcare at workplaces, maternal-paternal leave from work. We also demand the recognition of our space at all levels of organization of the unions and workers' centrals -which reproduce patriarchal logic-, as well as many of the movements in which we participate. Never again the invisibility of our work! Never again the invisibility of our presence in all popular struggles!


The National Campaign for the Right to Abortion has been carrying out numerous activities that accompany the bill presented (5 times already!) In the National Congress. We demand that Congress this year can culminate with its treatment and approval. It is a debt of democracy! Guaranteeing the right to decide about our bodies and lives does not refer only to a Law in Congress (even with all its importance). Ensuring that existing non-punishable abortion laws are enforced in practice, and are laws for the entire country, is part of an ongoing task for women's activism. We demand that sex education allows us to know the rights of women to decide about our lives. We demand access to contraceptive methods, and the possibility of voluntarily intervening in unwanted pregnancies in public hospitals. It is necessary to advance in the legalization of abortion throughout the continent, for the States to guarantee access to sexual and reproductive rights, and to commit themselves to the design and implementation of comprehensive public policies that allow the emancipation of all women. We express the very important contribution in this direction that the companions lifeguards have been making, as well as a group of doctors and health workers, who are assuming the accompaniment of women who decide to voluntarily interrupt their pregnancy. We demand the freedom of women imprisoned for having abortions, in Jujuy and Bariloche. We demand that women who abort are not prosecuted.

Not one more woman killed by clandestine abortion! We warn about the continental advance of fundamentalist sectors, which violate the right to freely decide about our bodies. We denounce that the proposed Penal Code continues to penalize abortions, the women who perform them and those who accompany them. It is intended to include the figure of wrongful abortion and injuries to the fetus, two figures clearly destined to the control, persecution and punishment of women who abort. We sympathize with the request for freedom for the 17 women imprisoned for having abortions in El Salvador. His prison is an intolerable display of misogyny and violation of women's rights, and one more case of blatant injustice. Together with the National Campaign for the Right to Legal, Safe and Free Abortion of Argentina, we affirm: Sex education to decide, contraceptives to avoid abortion, and legal abortion to avoid dying.


As feminists of Our America, who start from the care and respect of the ways of living and feeling our bodies, our sexualities, our ways of being in the world, our autonomy, we feel it necessary to draw attention to the role that religious fundamentalisms have had in the modeling of hetero-normative subjectivity. It is not just a question of ratifying, as we have done on numerous occasions, that machismo and lesbophobia "kill." It is not just about denouncing the fallacy that considers these practices as "hate crimes". It is about ensuring happiness for all, from bodies that are remade in the libertarian desire.In spite of having advanced with the approval of a Comprehensive Sex Education Law, the way in which it is translated in schools is very weak and in the different educational fields. We believe it is necessary to discuss in society, and especially among educators, the prejudices that organize hetero-normative subjectivity. Both education and communication are territories for the creation of new subjectivities. We need to interact to make visible the many ways of feeling and living sexuality, desire, and the presence of our dissident bodies, without this meaning losing rights, or having to face furious charges of patriarchal violence.

In the face of sexist violence, feminist escrache! Lesbophobia kills! We are free to decide about our bodies, our sexualities, our ways of loving, and our desires!


We make this appeal from the province of Salta, where fundamentalism is government and law, where the Catholic Hierarchy has imposed, among other measures, the obligation of religious education in public schools. Where femicides and violence against women are commonplace, as recognized with the declaration of the emergency of the province against gender violence. Where the soy bosses advance with clearings, with monoculture, with agribusiness, with the denial of the rights of native peoples, with political and administrative corruption, and religious control over the State. We want to express to the women of this province, our deep sadness and indignation over the femicide of Evelia Murillo, a teacher at Paraje El Bobadal. A new crime that is committed in Salta. We also want to tell you that we regret the misogynistic campaign that the hierarchy of the Catholic Church and the mainstream media have developed in recent days to attack those of us who came to the XXIX National Meeting of Women. In spite of everything ... we did the Encounter! And our voices will never be silenced again. Our appeal is part of the many voices of resistance that arise here, like a polyphonic chorus of desires, dreams, paths opened by walking, dissident bodies, hugs in solidarity. It is a call that embraces all women who in Abya Yala, fight for each of our rights. To all women who face militarization, invasion, coups, forced displacement, brutal paramilitary violence and narcopolitics. We express our solidarity and embrace women who, in the context of popular anti-imperialist processes, which promote profound social changes -such as the Bolivarian, Cuban, and Bolivian revolution-, promote policies that deepen their anti-patriarchal, anti-capitalist, anti-colonial path and of our American unity. Our call is to continue making revolutions that start from our bodies and territories. Revolutions in our ways of feeling, of doing, of living our lives, solidarity, sisters, libertarians. Revolutions that push revolutions. Revolutions that are not content with agreeing to participate in a percentage of the existing systems of oppression. Revolutions that push the borders until they disintegrate, not only materially, but also in our own marches.

We are not alone! We are many and we are organized!

We fight against colonialism, capitalism and patriarchy!

We are free women, in free peoples!

Revolution in the squares, in the houses and in the beds!

Salta, Argentina, October 12, 2014

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  1. Mirn

    It seems to me, you are not right

  2. Arthur

    What the right words ... super, great idea

  3. Choncey

    In this something is.

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