TOPICS

The Argentine Agrocide

The Argentine Agrocide


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

By Diego Domínguez

In a large part of the extra-Pampa regions, where the agricultural frontier is advancing due to soybeanization, not only does unemployment increase, and demand for social plans increases, but there is also contamination by agrochemicals in vast regions, environmental degradation and the appropriation of land and water.

In a large part of the extra-Pampa regions, where the agricultural frontier is advancing due to soybeanization, not only does unemployment increase, and demand for social plans increases, but there is also contamination by agrochemicals in vast regions, environmental degradation and the appropriation of land and water, with the consequent inhibition of other agricultural activities and the disarticulation of the ways of life of rural populations

There are suspicions that indicate that what happened in the peasant communities of Colonia Loma Senés, in Formosa (Argentina), and Pirapey 35, in Itapúa (Paraguay), is an emerging of a widespread, generalized problem.


Little by little, what was a suspicion is becoming a certainty. Environmental and human contamination, which is produced by fumigations (aerial and terrestrial), in those territories where transgenic soybeans are cultivated seems to be repeated wherever the gaze rests and observations are made with field studies.

Although we cannot state conclusively that the cultivation of transgenic soy (and in general transgenic crops such as cotton or corn) is having a negative impact on all the territories where it is installed; yes we are registering, with horror, the deployment of an agriculture that we could characterize as exclusive, but also exclusive. In a large part of the extra-Pampan regions, where the agricultural frontier is advancing due to soybeanization, not only does unemployment increase, and demand for social plans increases, but there is also contamination by agrochemicals from vast regions, environmental degradation and the appropriation of land and water, with the consequent inhibition of other agricultural activities and the disarticulation of the ways of life of rural populations.

This process that we have detected in Formosa, we now also find it in Entre Ríos, Santa Fe and Chaco. These provinces show, in the last ten years, a marked growth in the area destined to soybean production. This has been to the detriment of traditional crops (cotton, rice, lentils, etc.), but also at the expense of the native forest, of areas destined to cattle raising and of spaces occupied by peasant families (hatchers, ranchers, honey growers, farmers, etc.) .

In the stories of the populations living in the areas where such expansion occurs, the testimony of the negative impact is repeated: in the “green cord” of Paraná, in Villa Urquiza, in Cerrito, in Colonia Celina, in Sir Leonard, in Lucas Sur and Norte (Entre Ríos), in San Javier (Santa Fe), in Colonia Elisa, in Napenay (Chaco). Perhaps the number of affected localities is greater, but they remain invisible since an entire territory cannot be "swept away", and there are no complaints (or there are, but they are silenced).

In Villa Urquiza, a teacher who lives in a rural area, surrounded her house with soybean crops, related that already in 1997 (transgenic soybeans were approved in 1996) she began to feel strong odors, and "discomfort", but it would be in 2002 (the same year as the “soy boom” after the devaluation), when it broke down after a fumigation plane passed over the house with the tap open, spreading the cocktail of agrochemicals (glyphosate and 2.4D) on its head. At that time he also lost his fruit plants that dried up, in addition to his chickens, which according to the autopsy carried out by the veterinarian in the area were poisoned, presenting in all cases "the waste liver". It is not the only case in the area, however there is fear and complaints are not made.

In the Cerrito area, we were able to hear the testimony of a local doctor who directly links -although it is difficult to prove it- the appearance of diseases in pregnant women, cancer cases in the young population, multiplication of allergies and respiratory problems, etc., with the fumigations of soybeans there. In this town it was achieved at least that the agricultural machinery that is used in soy cannot circulate or park within the urban perimeter. In the rural area of ​​this town we visited a farmer, owner of a hectare in the middle of a “sea” of soybeans.

From the fumigations he has lost his pigs, chickens, fruit trees, and has suffered firsthand the action of the agrochemicals used for soy (his children presented: grains, respiratory problems, burning eyes, digestive problems) . To complete the scenario, the peasant recounted, his neighbor (a justice of the peace in the area) who had leased the field to the soybean producer, has expropriated his land. This powerful neighbor, has managed to put in his name the hectare that the peasant lives with his family and that, according to what he says, the peasant, was named after his great-grandmother.

The case is closed, the fact that the peasant family registers that the taste of the water is increasingly altered, attributing it to the massive use of fertilizers and herbicides for soy that is carried out in the area. Nor is this an isolated case, however, as most of the rural settlers are peons of the same entrepreneurs that produce soybeans, silence in the face of contamination is presented as the most assumed behavior.


What we could not, but would have wanted to do, was to interview the producer or peasant (also from the Cerrito area) who, outraged by the systematic fumigations with light aircraft carried out over his house by the neighboring soybean, decided to wait at the edge of the fence, with shotgun in hand, to finally shoot the airplane at the moment it scattered the "caps" (which had already destroyed its fruit trees and crops) in its field.

In the rural areas of Villaguay, downtown Entre Ríos, the situation is similar. According to the account of members of SOS Villaguay, and of peasants in the area, it was possible to know that there the contamination by soybean fumigations is accompanied by the illegal appropriation of water from the rivers. In this case, the Gualeguay River has been dammed at different points by large soybean enterprises that make a deliberate use of the resource. This is a complex issue. The advance of transgenic agriculture is manifested in multiple processes almost all of which have been arbitrary.

As happened to a beneficiary of the Social Agricultural Program (PSA). A woman, thanks to the credit granted to her, obtained a dairy cow. Once, the cow having accidentally crossed to the neighboring field to eat the soybeans planted there, it happened that the soybean businessman, seeing the situation, rammed his 4 × 4 truck, killing the animal. As in the other cases that we narrate, there was no compensation, nor recognition of the economic damage.

In San Javier, province of Santa Fe, contamination by the effect of agrochemicals used in the monoculture of transgenic soy is also recorded. There the farmers point out that the fumigations with the machine called "mosquito" has harmed them, ruining lemon trees, peach trees, killing chickens and rabbits.

Also here it was possible to collect the story of a nurse and a doctor from the area who have suspicions about the impact that the cultivation of rice and soybeans that cover the town would be having on the health of the population. Although there are no specific data to settle this suspicion, since the Ministry of Health has not completed the investigations that were requested, there have been an alarming number (1) of cases of babies born with anaencephaly (absence of brain mass) that could be due to to fumigations. But they are just conjectures, which remain in that state for lack of research to determine the specific causes of these phenomena.

Already in Chaco, both in Napenay and Colonia Elisa, the peasants organized in the Union of Small Producers of Colonia Elisa (UNPEPROCE) and the Union of Small Producers of Chaco (UNPEPROCH), have commented on how they have been affected by the fumigations carried out with glyphosate on both transgenic soybeans and cotton.

In turn, in many of the cases that we registered, the interlocutors stated that the Paradises are the trees that suffer the most from the fumigations, which led them to be called a “witness tree” in San Javier, since it is the first in the that the effect of the fumigation is visualized (there is an argument that the Paradises also suffer from a fungus: in this case, appropriate investigation will be needed).
Due to the alarming and widespread scenario that we have been encountering, we intuit that these situations also occur in provinces such as Salta, Córdoba, Corrientes, Misiones, Buenos Aires, La Pampa, etc.

Family farmers, expelled from the formal market and agribusiness complexes by the free market policies of the 1990s, would now be being harmed by the new transgenic crops to the point of not even being able to produce for their own consumption or for the commercialization chains alternatives. If this hypothesis were fully validated, we would be facing a true silent agrocide.

An agrocide while an exclusive and exclusive model of agriculture advances, which cannot coexist with the various forms of rural life. An agrocide as an "agriculture without farmers" is configured, which makes us doubt the very fairness of continuing to speak of "agriculture" when we are facing a process of depredation of biodiversity and local knowledge (peasants, indigenous people, natives , etc).

The productivist dream of transforming agriculture into one more industry seems to be coming true. The field as a "food factory", according to the INTA (National Institute of Agricultural Technology), seems to be taking shape. The subjects that carry out this process would be the “agro-predators” (as creatively pointed out by the President of the Association of Small Producers of San Javier), and the mechanism is varied: clearings, contamination, evictions, etc.

If so, if this were the diagnosis, once again in the history of rural populations, a challenge would be posed to peasant persistence, to the permanence of rural men and women. The almost complicit lack of a state response, the obscenity and corporate arrogance that does not take into account more than the excessive profit, place this challenge in the hands exclusively of the society organizations, which from the countryside and the city can denounce and weave alternatives to this model of agriculture. The agrocide that the agro-predators sustain is taking place in wide regions of Argentina, therefore it is a problem that needs to be addressed.

It is probably one of the priorities that we have to face if we want to imagine not only a future but the present itself. Perhaps a profound change in the current agri-food model could lead us to transform the very base of the most concentrated sectors of Argentina and would allow us to definitely advance in the democratization of the management and use of the wealth that are the country's natural resources.

* Diego Domínguez- Researcher at the Gino Germani Institute of the UBA. Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Note:
(1) In some regions of the world, anaencephaly cases are estimated at 10 per 10,000 live births. In San Javier in one year there were 12 cases in 300 live births


Video: What is the Armenian Genocide? (July 2022).


Comments:

  1. Blakemore

    When I come back here again, why all this shit was not here. Beg. Otherwise I won't talk to you anymore

  2. Yunis

    I think you are not right. Enter we'll discuss it. Write to me in PM, we'll talk.

  3. Majinn

    To be honest, at first I did not fully understand, but the second time I got it - thanks!

  4. Pierrepont

    I believe you stand straight



Write a message