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Peanut

Peanut


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By Santi Ávalos (cook)

Peanuts are a powerful food, with a remarkable concentration of nutrients and high calories. The first thing that stands out in them is that they constitute a good source of protein (around 26%), in addition to fiber (7%). But they are proteins deficient in some essential amino acids, such as isoleucine, lysine and sulfur amino acids. This, which is normal in legumes, is intensified in the case of peanuts, which have them even in smaller quantities. To counteract this, they can be eaten on menus that include milk, eggs or cereals.

On the other hand, they are proteins rich in arginine, even more than some foods considered important sources of protein, such as beef. This non-essential amino acid is involved in the production of growth hormone and in the maintenance and repair of the immune and nervous systems; in addition, it improves the quantity and mobility of sperm. However, if you suffer from viral infections, such as herpes, it is advisable to moderate the consumption of foods rich in arginine, such as peanuts, as it seems to participate in the activation of some viruses.

Being a legume, the peanut is also rich in tryptophan, an essential amino acid that is used by our brain to produce serotonin, a neurotransmitter that stabilizes the mood and helps to fall asleep.

Friend of the heart
The peanut contains just over 48% fat, which makes it a very caloric food (571 calories per 100 grams). In its defense, it must be said that the vast majority of its fats are unsaturated, whose fatty acids prevent the formation of blood clots and help lower the levels of LDL cholesterol, that is, the "bad" one, without affecting HDL or "good" .

Protection against aging
The peanut can be considered remineralizing. It is a good source of magnesium, zinc, phosphorus, potassium and also of nickel, a trace element that is rarely discussed but that favors the absorption of iron, another mineral that provides abundance. Its sodium content is low, unless it is eaten salty.
In terms of vitamins, peanuts are a true champion. It provides 30 grams of vitamin E, which covers a quarter of the daily needs, and especially vitamins of group B.
Despite its advantages, peanuts are included in the list of foods that cause the most allergic reactions. Refined peanut oil, having fewer allergens, does not usually cause as many problems.

Very versatile in the kitchen
Peanuts are a very versatile ingredient in the kitchen. It is consumed as an aperitif, however, it is also used as a thickener, or to enrich soups and stews. In Indonesia they are included, crushed, in salads, or used to prepare sauces that have coconut. In the United States it is consumed in the form of peanut butter.
The best time to buy them is from September. As they are rich in oil, they tend to go rancid easily. If they have to be stored, it is best to have them in the shell and place them in an airtight container, because if they are not stored in the right conditions they can have aspergillus molds, which produce aflatoxins, and be very toxic. To avoid this, it is recommended to buy packaged products and reject those that seem very dry or strange colors.


Video: Best Way to Cook and Eat Peanuts - Simple Chinese Snack Recipe (July 2022).


Comments:

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  2. Pike

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  3. Re-Harakhty

    The correct answer

  4. Maujind

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